Click anywhere to close

One-to-Many Relationships in CouchDB

Recently I have been playing around a lot with CouchDB, and one of the more challenging aspects of it is understanding the map/reduce functions on views.

This is how I handle a One-to-Many foreign key between different types of objects.

The data is set up as follows:
{
    "_id":1,
    "type":"person",
    "name":"mike"
    ...
},
{
    "_id":2,
    "type":"pet",
    "name":"barky",
    "owner":1
    ...
},
{
    "_id":3,
    "type":"pet",
    "name":"chirpy",
    "owner":1
    ...
}
And here is the map/reduce function that I use to retrieve a person and their pets:
Map:
function( doc ) {
    if( doc.type === "person" )
        emit( [doc._id, 0], doc );
    if( doc.type === "pet" )
        emit( [owner, 1], doc );
}
Reduce:
function( keys, values ) {
    var person = { _id: null, pets: [] }
    for( var value in values ) {
        var cur = values[ value ];
        if( cur.type === "user" ) {
            person._id = cur._id;
        }
        if( cur.type === "pet" ) {
            person.pets.push( cur );
        }
    }
    return person;
}

Now just make sure that you query your view with a group_level of 1, and it should return to you a user object with an array pets.


Recent Posts

A quick teardown of the NES Zapper Lightgun A quick teardown of the NES Zapper Lightgun, mostly as a love letter to the geniuses who built this and a girl I will always love
Posted: April 26, 2024
shouldibreaknocontact.com I have too much money, and I like to buy novelty domains
Posted: March 28, 2024
How to add Currently Playing to your homepage A code snippet to add a last.fm based currently playing section to your personal site
Posted: February 05, 2024
rough draft 1: is it possible to start anywhere that isn’t the beginning? essay 1 - should we even get started?
Posted: February 02, 2024
Poetry Publishing my personal poetry writing
Posted: November 22, 2023